Each soldier should carry a tin cup, fork and spoon and tin plate. More extensive cooking items such as period individual frying pans (even improvised ones from old canteens) are not neccessary and should be very limited. Cooking during the Campaign for Chattanooga was done in messes (four or five to fifteen men) sharing the cooking duties and using large cooking utensils such as kettles, frying pans, coffee pots, dutch ovens, water buckets, axes, etc. These large items were carried in regimental baggage wagons which accompanied the troops except in the presence of the enemy. They were often packed in wooden boxes serving as mess chests. When te soldiers were issued rations (normally in three to five day increments), the baggage wagons with the cooking utensils weren't present except on rare occassions. In some units, the soldiers assigned to the wagon trains did the cooking and the rations were delivered cooked to the troops in the ranks. This practice became standardized during the Atlanta Campaign. Tables, chairs, and stools were not provided for soldiers or even company officers and no transportation allowance was alloted to them. They should not be present in Living History camps. Ammunition packing boxes were accountable property and hence, would not be around camp in the hands of enlisted men. A company desk for the company books, order books, and other papers will be allowed.
The Army of Tennessee had little tentage during the campaign for Chattanooga. Due to a lack of transportation, most of it had been left in Middle Tennessee around Tullahoma at the end of June, 1863. A large fly or two for enlisted men (at the rate of six flies to every 100 men) or a common tent for company officers would be a possibility if the baggage wagons were available. Sleeping under the stars was the most common; blankets, gum blankets, and brush bedding. The use of Federal shelter tents is inappropiate. If tentage is needed, a fly will be provided for the living history camp. If other tents are required for personal comfort, their use will only be allowed in a non-public area.
By the time of the campaign for Chattanooga in 1863, flags were strictly carried on the battalion and regimental level. They should not be used unless more than three companies are united as a battalion and then that flag should be one of the typical Army of Tennessee patterns, i.e. one of the over nine different patterns known to have been carried by the Confederates in the campaign. However, if as an adjunct to the living history program, it is desired to do a specific program on the different patterns of flags seen in this campaign, that would be considered.
Ordnance and Ordnance Stores
A. Enfield Rifled Muske, .577
B. M1861 Springfield Rifled Musket, .58
C. M1855 Springfield Rifled Musket, .58
D. Smoothbore Muskets, M1842, 1822
A. Mississippi Rifle
B. Austrian Lorenz
C. Enfield Rifle (use by seargents common)
D. Belgian Smoothbore Musket
A. Richmond Rifle and Rifled Musket
B. Other CS made weapons (Cook and Brother, etc)
Side arms are only allowable for officers and approved cavalry impressions
Appropriate bayonet for weapon carried. However, not every soldier must have a bayonet, as few as one fourth or one third of the men need have them.
Cartridge Box and Cartridge Box Belt/Sling
1. M1855/61 leather box and tins with cotton webbing sling or leather sling.
A. Painted cloth cartridge box with tins
B. Documneted Confederate manufactured pattern
3. Enfield box with tins
4. Boc for .69 weapon and tins
A. M1845/50 pattern
B. painted cloth pattern
C. documented Confederate manufactured pattern
2. Enfield pattern
Waist Belt and Waist Belt Plate
Rectangle CSA Clipped Corner CS, frame buckles, and roller buckles were most common. Snake buckles are acceptable. Some state, militia, and civilian buckles can also be used in limited numbers. All waist belt plates are to have proper period construction. Use of an upside down US should be extremely limited. Waist belt should be black, russet or buff leather or painted canvas and appropriate to the buckle (painted cloth tend to have clip corner CS or roller buckles).
Made of leather or painted cloth and appropriate for the weapon and bayonetbeing carried.
A. Mexican War or Confederate Copy
B. Documented Confederate pattern
A. Double bag pattern
B. Federal double pattern
A. British pattern
B. Other common period pattern
Two thirds or more of the men should carry knapsacks.
A. tin drum
B. wood drum (Gardner), usually of cedar
2. Federal pattern - smoothside only
3. Other common period pattern (Nuckols pattern, etc)
Straps should be cotton, cotton webbing, or leather sewn together with a buckle or button.
As few as two thirds or one-half of the men need to carry canteens.
1. white cotton duck and osnaburg unpainted
2. black painted CS pattern
3. cotton jean weave unpainted pattern
4. Federal pattern
As few as two-thirds or one-half of the men need to carry haversacks
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